“For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.” Isaiah 9:6
- Isaiah 7:14 – Matthew 1:22,23 states “The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel” — which means, “God with us”. However the Jewish translation of that passage reads “Behold, the young woman is with child and will bear a son and she will call his name Immanuel.” Isaiah chapter 7 speaks of a prophecy made to the Jewish King Ahaz to allay his fears of two invading kings (those of Damascus and of Samaria) who were preparing to invade Jerusalem, about 600 years before Jesus’ birth. Isaiah 7:16: “For before the boy will know enough to refuse evil and choose good, the land whose two kings you dread will be forsaken.”
- Isaiah 53 – According to many Christians, the suffering servant mentioned in this chapter is actually a reference to the crucifixion and suffering of Jesus on the cross to atone for the sins of mankind. However, according to the Bible commentator Rashi, the suffering servant described in Isaiah chapter 53 is actually the Jewish people; sometimes Isaiah mentions groups of people as if they were one person.
- Isaiah 9:1,2 – In Isaiah, the passage describes how Assyrian invaders are increasingly aggressive as they progress toward the sea, while Matthew 4:13–15 has re-interpreted the description as a prophecy stating that Jesus would progress (without any hint of becoming more aggressive) toward Galilee. While Matthew uses the Septuagint rendering of Isaiah, in the Masoretic text it refers to the region of the gentiles rather than Galilee of the nations.
- Daniel 9:24–27 – King James Version puts a definite article before “Messiah the Prince”. (Daniel 9:25) The original Hebrew text does not read “the Messiah the Prince”, but, having no article, it is to be rendered “a mashiach, a prince”. The word mashiach[“anointed one”, “messiah”] is nowhere used in the Jewish Scriptures as a proper name, but as a title of authority of a king or a high priest. Therefore, a correct rendering of the original Hebrew should be: “an anointed one, a prince.”
- Hosea 11:1 – Matthew 2:14 states, “So he got up, took the child and his mother during the night and left for Egypt, where he stayed until the death of Herod. And so was fulfilled what the Lord had said through the prophet: ‘Out of Egypt I called my son.'” However, that passage reads, “When Israel was a child, I loved him, and out of Egypt I called my son.”
- Psalm 22:16 – The NIV renders this verse as “they have pierced my hands and my feet”, based on the Septuagint. However, there is some controversy over this translation, since the Hebrew Masoretic Text reads כארי ידי ורגלי (“like a lion my hands and my feet”). If the NIV translation is correct, however, then it would also be a prophecy of crucifixion since the original text was written before the Persians had invented the first early stages of crucifixition.
- Psalm 16:10
- Psalm 34:20 – States that none of the messiah’s bones will be broken. In John 19:31-33, during the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, the Jews asked the Roman governor Pontius Pilate to break the legs of those who were being crucified because it was the Sabbath day. When breaking the legs of the two who were crucified with Jesus, they had come to Jesus and they had found that he was already dead and did not break his legs. This event is the fulfillment of this prophecy.
- Psalm 69:21
- Isaiah 9:6 – The verse reads: “For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.”
- Psalm 110:1 – Matthew 22:44 states “The Lord said to my Lord: Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.” Although Hebrew has no capital letters, the Hebrew translation of that passage reads “The Lord said to my lord” indicating that it is not speaking of God.
- Micah 5:2 – Matthew 2:6 quotes this prophecy as fulfillment of the prophecy: “But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for out of you will come a ruler who will be the shepherd of my people Israel.” The verse in the Old Testament reads “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.” It describes the clan of Bethlehem, who was the son of Caleb’s second wife, Ephrathah. (1 Chr. 2:18, 2:50–52, 4:4)
- Zechariah 12:10 – According to many Christians this passage predicts the people looking on the Messiah whom they have pierced, while God’s grace is being poured out on the House of David (Israel) and the city of Jerusalem.
- Zechariah 9:9 – The Gospel of Matthew describes Jesus’ triumphant entry on Palm Sunday as a fulfillment of this verse in Zechariah. Matthew describes the prophecy in terms of a colt and a separate donkey, whereas the original only mentions the colt. Matthew 21:1–5 reads:
|“||Saying unto them, Go into the village over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bringthem unto me. All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass||”|
. The Hebrew translation of the prophecy reads:
|“||Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion!/Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem/See, your king comes to you/righteous and having salvation/gentle and riding on a donkey/on a colt, the foal of a donkey.||”|
The gospels of Mark, Luke, and John state Jesus sent his disciples after only one animal. (Mark 11:1–7, Luke 19:30–35, John 12: 14,15) Critics claim this is a contradiction with some mocking the idea of Jesus riding two animals at the same time. A response is that the text allows for Jesus to have ridden on a colt that was accompanied by a donkey, perhaps its mother.
- Matthew 2:17,18 gives the killing of innocents by Herod as the fulfillment of a prophecy in Jeremiah 31:15–23: “A voice is heard in Ramah, weeping and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children and refusing to be comforted because they are no more. (The phrase “because her children are no more” refers to the captivity of Rachel’s children. The subsequent verses describe their return to Israel.)
- II Samuel 7:14 – Hebrews 1:5 quotes this verse as, “I will be his Father, and he will be my Son.”.